In March 2009, Bernard L. Madoff pleaded guilty to federal charges involving a Ponzi scheme. In a Ponzi scheme, money contributed by new investors is used to make payments to existing investors. At some point, the perpetrator can't bring in enough new money to make the payments to existing investors, so the scheme eventually collapses. Some of the investors who lost money in the Madoff scheme were qualified plans and individual retirement accounts. The court has appointed a trustee to ...

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